Current Anthropology, 18 2Acclaim and Caution The Strange Situation has been widely acclaimed because it seems to enable researchers to identify and measure the security of infant attachment. This suggested that they were suffering from privation, rather than deprivation, which Rutter suggested was far more deleterious to the children.
Rutter argues that these problems are not due solely to the lack of attachment to a mother figure, as Bowlby claimed, but to factors such as the lack of intellectual stimulation and social experiences which attachments normally provide. Also, the raters used during the Strange Situation were sometimes the same raters who had assessed the infants in the home setting, so one can argue that their measurements could easily be biased through their previous contact and experience, because raters already knew the child and mother, and may have had certain expectations.
One could argue that if temperament were the overriding factor in establishing attachment quality we would expect attachment classification to be more constant across caregivers than it is.
Another criticism of the 44 thieves study was that it concluded affectionless psychopathy was caused by maternal deprivation. Attachment and the regulation of the right brain. Attachment and loss vol. Because it would be unethical to conduct a similar experiment with human babies, it is impossible to predict the outcome with certainty.
As he believed the mother to be the most central care giver and that this care should be given on a continuous basis an obvious implication is that mothers should not go out to work. She labeled this group securely attached.
The development of affective responsiveness in infant monkeys. Because attachment theory is relatively recent, it will take years to test attachment stability through the use of longitudinal studies. To claim that temperament is the overriding factor in the development of attachment would be a mistake.
Some issues and some questions. The ethological approach to attachment offers a variety of strong arguments. Developmental Psychology, 1, In order to confirm that the 7 subgroups indeed exist, it would have been helpful if a second group of participants, possibly larger in size, had yielded the same results.
A two-year-old goes to hospital. In addition to critically examining the evidence brought forward by ethological attachment theorists we should investigate if attachment can be explained through other mechanisms.
First of all, the sample of participants 26 infant-mother pairs was small compared to the number of variables. The third group was labeled ambivalent or anxiously attached, and tended to be clingy from the beginning and afraid to explore the room.
Bowlby designed and conducted the experiment himself. Bowlby used the term maternal deprivation to refer to the separation or loss of the mother as well as the failure to develop an attachment.
Child and sibling caretaking. Do they exists or are they just vague concepts, unsupported by data. Ethology Ethology is concerned with the adaptive, or survival, value of behavior and its evolutionary history Hinde, How do we classify different attachment behaviors and how do we measure them accurately.
Develomental Psychology, 32, International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 25 The relation between maternal employment status and the stability of attachments to mother and to father. Again, further study is needed to establish guidelines to interpret the results from the Strange Situation in varying cultures.
Attachment, communication, and the therapeutic process.
Measuring Attachment Although it has been shown that most children will be become attached by the second half of their first year of life, it is interesting that the nature and quality of this relationship differs greatly from child to child.
This essay will describe and evaluate Bowlby’s theory of attachment and maternal deprivation hypothesis. The essay will describe the two theories, weighing up the strengths and the weaknesses. It will include supporting research by Shaffer and Emerson, Ainsworth and Harlow, along with criticisms by Rutter.
In the light of changes to the family since are Bowlbys ideas about care for young children still relevant today? In this paper, Bowlby's theory of attachment and child care will be outlined along with additions from other theorists such as Rutter and Ainsworth. Bowlbys Ethological Theory of Attachment Essay Bowlby's Ethological Theory of Attachment Bowlby’s ethological theory of attachment recognizes the development of attachment between the infant and their caregiver as.
Bowlby’s evolutionary theory of attachment suggests that children come into the world biologically pre-programmed to form attachments with others, because this will help them to survive. Bowlby was very much influenced by ethological theory in general, but especially by Lorenz’s () study of elleandrblog.com showed that attachment was Author: Saul Mcleod.
Attachment theory is the joint work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth (Ainsworth & Bowlby, ). Drawing on concepts from ethology, cybernetics, information processing, developmental psychology, and psychoanalysts, John Bowlby formulated the basic tenets of the theory.
He thereby revolutionized our thinking about a child’s tie to the mother. View Essay - Bowlbys_Ethological_Theory from PSY at Excelsior College. Running head: BOWLBYS ETHOLOGICAL ATTACHMENT THEORY 1 Bowlbys Ethological Attachment Theory Excelsior College Lifespan.Bowlbys ethological attachment theory essay